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"... the vine: a very ancient culture
if we find in a document dated 1268,
that NEBIOLIUS was already cultivated there... "
(from "Una selva,un borgo e una pieve" di G.Rovera - 1981).

 

Even if we are missing accurate hystorical information, we can assume
that the grape culture was introduced in the Valle Maira by the monks
that the Lombard king Ariperto II sent from the Bobbio Abbey, near
Piacenza, in 712-714 to colonize the "Cannetum" territory, (Villar San
Costanzo today).
The monks' influence spread life a fire in the area and "grange"
(agricoltural settlments) were established further and further away
making the monastery built in Villar San Costanzo flourish and become
self sufficient. The San Romano farmstead, one of these grange, still
preserves the name and structural memories of those times.
We now with certainty that the monks spread in Bobbio, vines they
brought from France (Burgundy or Ardèche zone), tougher than the local
ones.
The fact that the INRA Vine Research Center of Montpellier (1984-85)
has found similarities between the "Nebbiolo di Dronero" vine (the then
Nebiolius) and the "Chatus" of Ardèche vine could be connected to what
we mentioned earlier.
However the hystorical presence of grapevine in Val Maira is verified
since 1160, being that the wine was part of the income tax due to the
Lord of Montemale.
"... the vine: a very ancient culture
if we find in a document dated 1268,
that NEBIOLIUS was already cultivated there... "
(from "Una selva,un borgo e una pieve" di G.Rovera - 1981).